How to write an argumentative essay?

Every year, the university presents a theme for the development of an essay-argumentative essay.

It carries an important weight on the final grade of the exam and certainly can not be neglected, right?

However, many candidates are somewhat confused about the type of text that should be written and what are its main characteristics.

With that in mind, let’s introduce some essential points so that you understand the purpose of this type of writing and how best to write it. Check out!

Characteristics of an essay-argumentative essay:

  • We can define this type of text as opinionated, that is, it presents a structure around a point of view on a certain subject.
  • In order to convince the reader that his idea is correct, the author of the essay must base his ideas with arguments and explanations based, coherent and well presented.

Structure of essay-argumentative writing

Now that you know what essay-argumentative writing is, it’s time to find out what structure should be adopted when presenting the theme and the justifications.


First, lay out a thesis in the introduction to the essay. Present the idea that will be defended throughout the text. It is worth mentioning that in order to build something solid, we must carefully read the statement and also the content of support provided by exam’s technical staff.


Then state your arguments, that is, what will be presented to justify the reader that your idea is correct. In that part, use statistical data, studies, expert ideas, historical allusions, among other academic tools.


Finally, you must present your conclusion with an intervention proposal. Based on the arguments shown, reveal a solution to the problem and conclude the text clearly and concisely.

Care you should take

Read the statement and supporting texts carefully. It is useless to command well in all the technical points of a essay-argumentative writing and to evade the subject. The evaluators even failed tests with this characteristic.

Moreover, under no circumstances should you try to defend two types of point of view. Ambiguity is a serious mistake and can also cause many problems at the time of editing.

Be careful not to use an informal language, that is, that contains abbreviations of words, slang, puns, jokes and even profanity. Be sober and also build a text without stereotypes.

The rules of the Portuguese language should be well used, respecting the rules of punctuation and also of linguistic techniques for argumentation.

Finally, do not forget that – to write an excellent text in the exam – the preparation should not be overnight. Establish a solid study routine and review not only this content, but also grammar techniques, topics relevant to current society, and others.

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